Monthly Archives: September 2016

Basmati exports from India on credit banned

Basmati rice exports are likely to be affected temporarily by a ban on their export on credit. The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (Apeda) has restricted exporters from shipping basmati on credit, known as ‘document against acceptance’ in trade parlance.

However, exports which are covered either by bank guarantee or Export Credit Guarantee Corporation can be carried out.

“Indian exporters used to export basmati in good faith after negotiating a final price. But importers have occasionally refused to accept the consignments, leading to re-negotiated prices. Apart from that, payment was sometimes hugely delayed,” said Gurnam Arora, joint managing director, Kohinoor Foods.

Apeda estimates India’s basmati rice exports increased 10 per cent to 1.55 million tonnes during April-July from the same quarter a year ago. In value terms, however, exports fell to $1.21 billion (Rs 8,140.06 crore) from $1.32 billion (Rs 8,399.39 crore).

Rice basmati softens on muted demand

Rice basmati drifted by Rs 100 quintal at the wholesale grains market today due to fall in demand against adequate stocks position.

However, other grains moved in a narrow range in limited deals and pegged at the last levels.

Traders said easing demand from retailers against ample stocks position mainly helped rice basmati prices to trade lower.

In the national capital, rice basmati Pusa-1121 variety eased by Rs 100 to Rs 3,800-4,600 per quintal.

Following are today’s quotations (in Rs per quintal):

Wheat MP (desi) Rs 2,300-2,835, Wheat dara (for mills) Rs 1,815-1,820, Chakki atta (delivery) Rs 1,820-1,825, Atta Rajdhani (10 kg) Rs 275, Shakti Bhog (10 kg) Rs 275, Roller flour mill Rs 960-970 (50 kg), Maida Rs 1,070-1,080 (50 kg) and Sooji Rs 1,100-1,110 (50 kg).

Basmati rice (Lal Quila) Rs 10,700, Shri Lal Mahal Rs 11,300, Super Basmati Rice Rs 9,700, Basmati common new Rs 4,700-4,900, Rice Pusa (1121) Rs 3,800-4,600, Permal raw Rs 2,000-2,050, Permal wand Rs 2,125-2,200, Sela Rs 2,700-2,800 and Rice IR-8 Rs 1,800-1,810, Bajra Rs 1,375-1,380, Jowar yellow Rs 1,800-1,900, white Rs 3,500-3,700, Maize Rs 1,530-1,540, Barley Rs 1,580-1,585.

Asia Rice-Rising supply, thin demand push down prices

Thin buying and prospects of higher supplies pulled down rice export prices in India and Thailand this week, while Vietnamese prices hovered at a one-year low on weak demand, traders said on Wednesday.

Harvesting of the main crop in Thailand, the world’s second-biggest rice exporter after India, might peak next month with the output contributing to more than 80 percent of the country’s total production.

“October will be the period when new stocks arrive so prices will continue to drop,” said a trader in Bangkok, who expects prices to drop further between $5 and $10 per tonne.

Thailand’s benchmark 5-percent broken rice eased to $365-$370 a tonne on Wednesday, free-on-board (FOB) basis, from $370 a week ago.

Wednesday’s prices are at par with those in late August, when rates fell to the lowest in nearly six months.

Thailand’s main crop rice output is seen at 25.02 million tonnes this year, up 4.8 percent from last year, according to the agriculture ministry.

Prices of India’s 5-percent broken parboiled rice eased to $368-$378 per tonne this week, from the wider range of $370-$380 two weeks ago, due to weak exports, though a stronger Indian rupee limited the downside.

“Due to the appreciating rupee, we should have raised prices but couldn’t due to the weak demand,” said an exporter based at Kakinada in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.

“Expecting a bumper new-season crop, traders have slowed down purchases,” he said.

India’s summer-sown rice output is seen at a record 93.88 million tonnes in the crop year till June 2017, as plentiful monsoon rains help boost yields, the farm ministry said.

Exports of India’s non-basmati rice in April-June, the first quarter of its fiscal year, rose 2.3 percent from a year ago to 1.74 million tonnes.

In Vietnam, the world’s third-largest rice exporter, the 5 percent broken grain prices fell to $330-$340 a tonne, FOB basis, from $335-$345 last week, and the 25-percent broken rice also eased to $310-$315 a tonne, both at their lowest since Sept. 2015, based on Reuters data.

“Philippine firms have started small-volume buying from Vietnam, even though they have not obtained import quotas,” said a trader at a European firm in Ho Chi Minh City.

“Most buyers have turned to Pakistan or Myanmar,” another trader said, adding that Pakistan offers its 5-percent broken rice at $325 a tonne, FOB basis.

Vietnam’s rice exports this year are expected to drop 13.8 percent from 2015 to 5.7 million tonnes following regional competition, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said in a report this month.

Thailand To Set Up Rice Megafarms

The Thai Government is moving ahead with a megafarm scheme, aiming to cut production costs and raise productivity, reports Vietnam News Agency (VNA).

A memorandum of understanding was recently signed by the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, and the Ministry of the Interior with a goal of developing 426 rice megafarms spanning 800,000 rai (128,000 ha) this year.

Under the scheme, participating farmers can borrow up to 5 million THB (US$145,000) with a 0.01 per cent interest rate from the Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC). The Ministry of Commerce is responsible for marketing and selling rice and looking for buyers.

In late August, the Cabinet approved a 3.25 billion THB (US$87 million) loan package via the BAAC for megafarm projects from 2017 – 2019.

As of Sept 7, 386 rice megafarms were set up in Thailand, drawing the participation of 57,775 farmers from 66 cities and provinces.

The Government aims to build 1,000 rice megafarms next year and is considering preferential policies to attract more farmers, said Agriculture Minister Chatchai Sarikulya.

Charoen Laothammatas, President of the Thai Rice Exporters Association said this project will help cut production costs and raise productivity and competitiveness of Thai rice in the international market. However, rice prices are unlikely to increase in the short term due to high supply.

Thailand expects to produce 23 million tonnes of rice this year. At present, the country still has 8.4 million tonnes of stockpiled rice.

Vietnamese investors target rice investment

Vietnamese rice investors and exporters drawn from about 14 companies are in the country to explore investment opportunities in rice production, processing, storage, marketing and distribution.

The one-week visit from September 23-29 is organised by the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Ghana-Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry.The country consumers about 750,000 metric tonnes of rice annually. However, just about 290,000metric tonnes are produced locally; leaving a deficit of some 460,000 tonnes which has to be imported.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) data shows that, Ghanaians, in 2014, consumed 754,698 metric tonnes of rice, with imports making up 52 per cent. Government has said it is poised to cut the annual rice import bill of about US$600million and make the country net exporter by 2020.

The Ministry of Food and Agriculture argues that efforts at increasing local rice production to curb over-reliance on importation of the commodity is being undermined by lack of adequate infrastructure, specifically rice processing mills, in rice-producing communities of the country.

Prairie Texas Incorporated, otherwise known as Aveyime Rice Project, has also been left to rot. The rice processing facilities at the factory have been quiet for years. Hundreds of workers have also been laid off.

Vietnam is the world’s fifth-largest rice-producing country and has the requisite expertise in the production of the crop. The Southeast Asia country’s rice production has continuously increased, from 25 million tons in 1995 to almost 40 million tons in 2010.

Vietnam is one of the world’s leading rice exporters. The country’s rice exports reached 5.3 million tons in 2005 and almost 6.9 million tons in 2010.The similarity in the landscape of the Asian country is similar to Ghana’s landscape which is ideal for the production of the crop.

Rice production challenges For the 2014/15 farming season, farmers in the three northern regions had thousands of bags of rice locked up in warehouses due to the unavailability of mills to process the commodity, a situation that compelled the farmers to use manual means of rice processing which do not meet market standards.

Ghanaian consumers often cite the presence of stones in locally produced rice, aside price, as the reason they opt for imported brands.According to the Agric Ministry, the situation is an impediment to government’s quest to motivate rice farmers into boosting local production of the commodity to cushion food security, aside from robbing the farmers of their primary source of livelihood.

“Lack of rice-processing plants in the Northern Region is making it difficult to produce to feed the nation and produce quality rice that meets market specifications,” Alhaji Mohammed Limuna, the Agriculture Minister has said.

He added that: “The few in the region are defunct—a situation that has compelled government to continue spending huge sums of money to import similar goods to meet demands of the population.

This is affecting income generation of the local rice farmers, aside from discouraging most of the farmers from venturing into the rice sector only to incur debt.”There are also other production constraints, such as land tenure problems, removal of subsidy on inputs, absence of water control systems which consequently leads to high-risk and non-intensive cropping practices.

Other problems include low yields and low profitability, reduction of the productive capacity of the soil, coupled with over liberalization of rice trade in Ghana.Rice is important to the country’s economy and agriculture, accounting for nearly 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The rice producing area totals about 45% of the total area planted to cereals. The rice sector is an important provider of rural employment.

NFA: Rice imports may be needed as La Niña buffer

THE Philippines may soon call an auction for the import of an additional 250,000 metric tons (MT) of rice as a precaution against the impact of La Niña in the first few months of 2017.

“We want to evaluate whether we have to import it right away,” National Food Authority Officer-in-charge Tomas R. Escarez told reporters on Monday, referring to the remaining balance of 250,000 MT from the 500,000 MT standby authority the Philippines may access at any given time to beef up its rice stock.

On Aug. 31, the NFA Council awarded the contract for the supply of 250,000 MT [of] rice to the world’s top rice exporters Thailand and Vietnam which offered 100,000 MT and 150,000 MT, respectively, under a government-to government (G2G) procurement scheme.

Some 40% of the order is expected before the end of the month and the remaining 60% before the end of October.

Undersecretary Maia Chiara Halmen Reina A. Valdez of the Office of the Cabinet, the sitting chairperson of the NFA Council, in an interview with reporters said that the arrival of the initially imported rice is “ongoing.”

The NFA, Mr. Escarez revealed, will recommend that the council conduct the G2G procurement bid possibly early in the last quarter to ensure adequate rice inventory in December, which is usually good for 22 days.

Currently, the NFA’s rice inventory stands at 578,700 metric tons, sufficient for 18 days. The total exceeds the mandate of the grains agency to maintain a buffer stock enough for 15 days at any given time.

“Since we are facing La Niña and the lean months of January and February, I think we have to add some more,” Mr. Escarez said adding that the first two months of the year are considered lean periods in the absence of harvested rice.

The NFA council is set to meet today and discuss the move, he added.

Rice tariffs to boost local rice farming

The groundwork to lift the quantitative restrictions on rice importation has started even against the protest of the Department of Agriculture on behalf of Filipino farmers who will definitely be hard-pressed to compete with lower priced rice imports.

Even with tariffs of at least 35 percent, it is estimated that imported rice can still be sold at competitive prices to local farmers’ rice produce – or even cheaper, since one of the goals of the move to lift QRs is to lower the price of rice.

The plan to lift QRs on rice had been on the stove burner since last year in a bid to end almost 20 years of preferential restrictions approved by the World Trade Organization (WTO) on our rice importations.

The WTO first allowed the Philippines to impose a 10-year quota system for rice importation in 1995, and extended this in 2004 for another six years. When the QR lapsed in 2012, negotiations resumed to extend the preferential status starting in 2014 and ending in June 30, 2017.

Actually, it does seem a little embarrassing to ask for another extension, given the number of times the country has implored to be given “more time to prepare its farmers” for trade liberalization, and the two decades – 20 years – that was given.”

Therefore, if you hear Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Piñol ranting a protest, please just bear with him: it’s a sort of duty thing. Really, if you think hard, it was not exactly his fault, but more of the neglectful agriculture bureaucrats during the last 20 years.

Therefore, it’s now reckoning time. The big question on the minds of many would be a concern for our farmers’ survival in the face of unlimited rice importation from such rice-exporters as Thailand and Vietnam. Will we start to see more Filipino rice farms being abandoned?

In a study by the Philippine Rice Research Institute completed in 2015, Filipino rice farmers were ranked fourth in competitiveness behind Vietnam, Thailand and India. China and Indonesia were the other two of the six countries included in the study.

The same study categorically stated that Filipino farmers when faced with the lifting of QRs, would not be able to survive. This would mean our struggling rice farmers may totally decide to give up their rice farms for other crops – or just abandon the land and find other jobs.

The study shows where Filipino farmers pale in comparison with competitors. Against Vietnam, for example, the Philippines had a higher production cost because Vietnam had “greater volume of paddy, more efficient handling, and higher milling recovery.”

There is also the contention that there is a huge difference in land productivity. In Vietnam, there are three rice crop harvest in a year, whereas we have only two. Our average rice yields are also much lower, even during Vietnam’s autumn-winter season.

Then, the Philippines has a high labor cost (P3.76 for hired labor to produce a kilogram of paddy in Nueva Ecija, against only P0.46 in Can Tho, Vietnam). Our farmers rely more on hired workers, whereas the Viets mobilize all their family members before resorting to hired hands.

Also, Vietnam uses direct seeding in crop establishment, and combined with the use of harvesters, are able to further bring down labor cost. In the Philippines, transplanting is the preferred route, something that is labor-intensive, plus manual harvesting and mechanized threshing.

The study also pointed out that machine rental and fuel are more expensive in in the Philippines at P1.73 per kg of paddy, while it costs only P0.80 in Vietnam with the use of more efficient machines in land preparation, harvesting and threshing.

There’s more information available, but what is important is understanding where we stand against our more progressive neighbors in terms of rice farming, and for our government to be able to use this knowledge to craft measures that will keep rice farming competitive and alive in the Philippines.

Support rice farms
We cannot afford to lose rice lands for the very simple reason that the excess rice production set aside for export of countries like Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, India and China will not be able to supply our needs.

The world’s rice surplus made available for the Philippines averaged at only 2.84 million metric tons a year from 2008 to 2012. Since our yearly total rice requirement is about 14.97 million MT, it is definitely impossible to rely on importations to feed our families without local production.

What to do?
Offhand, it would be safe to assume that imposing tariffs on rice imports would mean additional earnings for the government. Definitely, allocating part of the earnings on some form of cash support for displaced farmers would not be a good idea.

In the first place, cash subsidies for the victims of the QR lifting will be difficult to manage, and in the long run, would be an opportunity for corruption. More importantly, these kinds of subsidies are not productive and will not assure a structural change in the quality of rice farming in the country.

Instead of cash transfers, why not channel all or a large part of the funds from the rice import tariffs to an agricultural fund that will support a definite set of programs.

First there should be free irrigation water to all our farmers and rice farms. Water is a state resource that should be channeled for the welfare of the nation, and in this case, what better use than water for rice paddies. Vietnam and China are doing this, why not us?

Second, mechanization of rice farms cannot be overlooked. This can help bring rice production to three harvests a year, improve production per hectare, and reduce costs on manpower, which is among the highest in the region. We should also explore better varieties of rice that promise improved yields.

Lastly, the collected tariffs must go to post-farm support: better dryers (not streets) and community storage facilities, more efficient mills, more extensive farm-to-market roads and access to cheaper transportation facilities.

On a parting note, it has been experienced – as with the garlic trade – that free trade without the proper safety nets does not necessarily mean lower prices. It would be a travesty and a tragedy if we will end up with higher priced rice in the years to come, and more importantly, the loss of our rice farms.

Cambodia asks China to speed up $300 million rice loan

Cambodia asked China on Monday to speed up a $300 million loan to help Cambodia’s rice sector that has been hurt by plummeting prices amid fierce global competition.

Deputy Prime Minister Hor Namhong told China’s ambassador to Cambodia, Xiong Bo, during a meeting on Monday that Cambodia urgently needed the funds which it first asked for last year.

China has drawn Cambodia into a closer military and diplomatic relationship in recent years as part of its efforts to quell regional opposition to its sea territorial claims in Asia, deepening China’s already close ties to Cambodia Prime Minister Hun Sen.

Rice farmers in Cambodia have had a hard time competition with other Southeast Asian rice exporters such as Thailand and Vietnam because of expensive transport and higher electricity prices. The lack of overseas demand has pushed prices lower to around $193 per tonne from around $250 in August.

“The Cambodian people are facing a crisis of rice prices which fell rapidly,” said Namhong, adding that he had also asked China to make good on its pledge to buy 300,000 tonnes of Cambodian rice annually.

“I asked the Chinese ambassador to report this to the Chinese government to hurry up to buy rice as China had promised to help our farmers,” he said.

China’s embassy in Phnom Penh did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment.

Kann Kunthy, chief executive of rice miller Battambang Rice Investment Co, said that the falling rice prices were a global trend and that Cambodia faces fierce international competition.

“There have been no orders from abroad so millers couldn’t buy rice from farmers,” he said. “Farmers are seriously affected.”

Cambodia exported 530,000 tonnes of rice last year, well below its target of 1 million tonnes, partly because of drought but also due to a global supply glut.

Indonesia Needs Cheaper Rice

Rice HQ

Indonesia would consider buying more rice from Cambodia if the price was more competitive, the Indonesian ambassador to Cambodia told reporters after the Indonesian Trade and Tourism Promotion 2016 expo in Phnom Penh on Friday.

Ambassador Pitono Purnomo said that Cambodia and Indonesia signed a memorandum of understanding in 2012 for the annual export of about 100,000 tons of milled rice and have been in continuous talks since.

He added that so far, negotiations had yet to provide enough incentive to increase imports as the price of Cambodian rice was too high. He said Indonesia was one of the world’s biggest rice consumers and needed rice not only for consumption but also for stock stabilization.

“The price of Cambodian rice is high, you have to make it lower to compare with your competitors like Thailand and Vietnam. Indonesia is one of the biggest rice consumers,” Mr. Purnomo said.

“If you make the price more competitive compared to Vietnam and Thailand, Indonesia will of course consider Cambodian rice. We are not going to import premium rice as we are importing it for the average citizen. We don’t need high grade as we also want to use it for stock purposes,” he added.

Mr. Purnomo said the ball was now in Cambodia’s court, adding that if the price was reduced, Indonesia would make appropriate considerations. “As far as I know, we’re only stuck on the price. I understand the price is a bit higher since you have higher-quality rice and logistics are high.”

Commerce Minister Pan Sorasak said at the rice purchasing and export workshop that Indonesia has been working with the Ministry of Commerce to purchase about 400,000 tons of rice and just needed to agree on the price and type of rice.

“Indonesia demands white rice with more than 15 percent broken rice to deliver to average people. It is not a premium rice. Indonesia wants to purchase low-grade rice,” he said. “We are now working with Indonesia, but we want our rice exporters to consider low-quality rice for export.”

Song Saron, president of Amru Rice of Cambodia, told Khmer Times that his company had yet to export to Indonesia because the price for logistics was higher than neighboring countries and added that Indonesia’s market was for white rice.

“In my opinion, we cannot talk about export [to Indonesia] at the moment. We must first make our price more competitive,” he said.

Mr. Saron added that Cambodian rice would be more competitive if electricity, logistics and port costs were reduced as well as other administrative procedures for rice millers and exporters. He said Cambodian white rice costs about $425 per ton while that in Thailand and Vietnam was $380 and $360 respectively, about $40 to $65 higher per ton.

“Production costs should be under $30 per ton. Generally, our production costs are about $100 from rice paddy. If it is $40 to $60 per ton we could do it,” Mr. Saron said. “If logistics, electricity, and port costs are high, how can we compete with neighboring countries?”

In 2015, according to figures from the Indonesian embassy, Indonesia exported $435 million in goods to the Kingdom while Cambodia exported only $15 million to Indonesia. Indonesia’s exports included garments, spare parts, chemicals, medicine and tobacco while Cambodia mostly exported garments and food.

US supports Pakistan’s dairy, agri sectors

The United States supporting Pakistan’s agriculture and dairy sectors to improve the potential and capacity of both the sectors. Both sectors play significant role in country’s economy and development. This was expressed by Kirk Shirley, Senior Program Manager Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) for trade capacity building programs in South Asia & Beyond. The two major programmes are Plant Health Management Programme-USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) and CABI, Dairy Productivity Improvement Program–USDA and UVAS.
The presence of high-risk agricultural pests in Pakistan reduces the quality and volume of harvests, as well as impedes market access. USDA and CABI are engaging with the Department of Plant Protection, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Provincial Governments in Sindh, Balochistan, and Gilgit-Baltistan, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, and the Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Association (PFVA) to improve pest management across a number of value chains. The program is encouraging Pakistan to following rules-based international standards and decreasing the likelihood that these quarantine pests will arrive to the US For Pakistan, strengthening pest management will improve food security through decreased food loss as well as ensure they maintain expand trade access for crops of high economic importance.
Pakistan produces a wide variety of high value fruits and vegetables. Apples in Balochistan and papayas in Sindh are some of the highest valued crops, but production has declined as a result of invasive plant pests, specifically papaya mealybug, apple coddling moth, and spider mites. Developing and deploying integrated biocontrol systems for high-risk agricultural pests has been successful in many countries around the world and one of the most effective is the use of parasitoids, a beneficial insect that kills harmful plant pests.
Utilizing new Biocontrol technologies in the field:
1. Improved Pest Surveillance—the program enhanced the capacity of the Government of Pakistan to implement trapping programs and collect and report on pest data.
2. Strengthening of Lab Capacity—two provincial and a national lab were upgraded and laboratory technicians were trained for rearing biocontrol agents.
3. Use of Biocontrols in the Field—with support from USDA and CABI, Pakistani partners are rearing parasitoids and providing them to farmers for release in production areas. The initial results have been overwhelmingly positive and production levels are improving in target areas.
Significant resources have been deployed to develop agricultural export value chains with some success in Pakistan. However, the presence of high-risk agricultural pests continues to limit access to export markets – particularly for high value horticultural products and rice. Proper post-harvest management across the value chain by farmers, processors, and others in the rice and horticulture industries can reduce these losses and ensure that the crop meets market requirements.
Post-Harvest Pest Management:
1. Improving Post-Harvest Management of Pest—USDA and CABI are working with the government and industry to improve horticulture value chains from harvest to export. The program developed a train-the-trainer program and management guide focused on mitigating the impact of pests at control points in critical value chains. The focuses thus far have been stone and pome fruits, vegetables, kinnow, mangos, and rice.
2. Improving Risk Analysis and Export Certification—GoP officials have been trained on risk analysis and proper certification of exported plant products, which will help Pakistan to meet international standards. USDA’s Dairy Productivity Improvement (DPI) Program began in early 2015. The main implementing partner is the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) and was funded at $2million USD by USAID. Pakistan is the fourth largest dairy producer in the world with the majority of production coming from small traditional dairy farms. However, modern commercial dairies employing high-yield livestock management practices have begun to emerge, signaling the beginning of a transformation in the Pakistani dairy sector.
A demonstration farm with high-producing dairy breeds from the U.S. will help to establish the viability of U.S. cattle in Pakistan and assist U.S. cattle producers and exporters to reach potential buyers in Pakistan. The Pakistani dairy sector also stands to benefit tremendously from higher-producing dairy breeds, which could help address nutritional deficits and food security needs in the country. The successful establishment of the UVAS Training and Research Demonstration Farm will provide Pakistan dairy farmers with the knowledge necessary to maximize their farm output and provide an example of the potential of U.S. cattle to possible buyers in Pakistan.
UVAS is Pakistan’s premier center of higher learning for the veterinarian sciences and one of the oldest universities on the Asian sub-continent. The university is ideally positioned to demonstrate the viability of American Holsteins in Pakistan and to disseminate the knowledge and practices necessary to profitably manage them. UVAS has an established and profitable demonstration farm for small ruminants and local cow and buffalo breeds, which provides a successful model for the DPI demonstration farm with U.S. cattle.
Following achievements were made under the ongoing programme:
1. Strengthening UVAS Capacity: UVAS faculty and farm staff were trained at the University of Mississippi to ensure the U.S. herd is properly managed and the demonstration farm illustrates the full possible benefits of importing cattle from the U.S.
2. Establishment of Demonstration Farm: All necessary construction and procurement of supplies and equipment at the UVAS demonstration farm have been completed. The farm was designed to train Pakistan farmers to maximize production from high-producing breeds.
3. Import of 73 Bred Holsteins from the US: 73 Bred Holsteins were imported from the United States in March of 2016 and 32 newborn calves have been produced thus far and milking has begun. Training Pakistani Dairy Stakeholders programme is providing extension and training services to dairy farmers, extension agents, and students to keep high-producing cattle breeds healthy and productive in Pakistan. To date, the farm has provided services to nine commercial dairies in Pakistan and trained over a hundred farm managers on nutrition, breeding, health, and a variety of other topics to maximize herd management.